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Nanotechnology news. From nanoscience to nanotechnology applications such as nanotechnology in medicine, read the latest news from leading research institutes.
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Chemical treatment improves quantum dot lasers

16 октября, 2017 - 20:26
One of the secrets to making tiny laser devices such as opthalmic surgery scalpels work even more efficiently is the use of tiny semiconductor particles, called quantum dots. In new research the ~nanometer-sized dots are being doctored, or 'doped,' with additional electrons, a treatment that nudges the dots ever closer to producing the desired laser light with less stimulation and energy loss.
Категории: Nano planet

Nanoantenna arrays power a new generation of fluorescence-based sensors

16 октября, 2017 - 19:21
Researchers have designed and tested a series of plasmonic nanoantenna arrays that could lead to the development of a new generation of ultrasensitive and low-cost fluorescence sensors that could be used to monitor water quality.
Категории: Nano planet

Purple power: Synthetic 'purple membranes' transform sunlight to hydrogen fuel

13 октября, 2017 - 16:19
A new way has been found to produce solar fuels by developing “synthetic purple membranes.” These membranes involve an assembly of lipid nanodiscs, man-made proteins, and semiconducting nanoparticles that, when taken together, can transform sunlight into hydrogen fuel.
Категории: Nano planet

Mantis shrimp-inspired camera enables glimpse into hidden world

13 октября, 2017 - 03:02
By mimicking the eye of the mantis shrimp, researchers have developed an ultra-sensitive camera capable of sensing both color and polarization. The bioinspired imager can potentially improve early cancer detection and help provide a new understanding of underwater phenomena, the researchers said. See a video of describing the study on YouTube.
Категории: Nano planet

Experimental 'nano-chemo' particle to treat bladder cancer

12 октября, 2017 - 17:37
Working with mice and rats, researchers have developed a way to successfully deliver nano-sized, platinum-based chemotherapy drugs to treat a form of bladder cancer called nonmuscle-invasive that is found in the lining of the organ and has not invaded deeper into bladder tissue. The tiny drug-infused particles, they say, potentially offer a less toxic clinical alternative to standard chemotherapy delivered intravenously or through a catheter inserted into the bladder.
Категории: Nano planet

The secret to improving liquid crystal's mechanical performance

11 октября, 2017 - 17:07
Researchers have theoretically calculated the static and dynamical properties of the Cottrell clouds, which form around edge dislocations in liquid crystals of the smectic A variety. This work could help, for example, to improve the lubricating performance of such liquid crystals.
Категории: Nano planet

Solar-powered devices made of wood could help mitigate water scarcity crisis

11 октября, 2017 - 05:45
Energy from the sun and a block of wood smaller than an adult's hand are the only components needed to heat water to its steaming point in these purifying devices.
Категории: Nano planet

Gold 'nanoprobes' used to track blood flow in tiny vessels

11 октября, 2017 - 03:01
Scientists have designed gold nanoparticles, no bigger than 100 nanometers, which can be coated and used to track blood flow in the smallest blood vessels in the body.
Категории: Nano planet

Step toward creating planes that travel at hypersonic speed

10 октября, 2017 - 22:29
A recent study could lead to a drastic decrease in flight times. The study is one of the first steps toward the creation of planes able to move at hypersonic speeds, five to 10 times the speed of sound.
Категории: Nano planet

Machine learning translates 'hidden' information to reveal chemistry in action

10 октября, 2017 - 19:41
Scientists have developed a new way to capture the details of chemistry choreography as it happens. The method -- which relies on computers that have learned to recognize hidden signs of the steps -- should help them improve the performance of catalysts to drive reactions toward desired products faster.
Категории: Nano planet

Forget about it: A material that mimics the brain

10 октября, 2017 - 19:40
Inspired by human forgetfulness -- how our brains discard unnecessary data to make room for new information -- scientists conducted a recent study that combined supercomputer simulation and X-ray characterization of a material that gradually 'forgets.' This could one day be used for advanced bio-inspired computing.
Категории: Nano planet

Surgery: Sticking instead of stitching

9 октября, 2017 - 16:32
In spite of medical advances, wound-related complications arising after operations can still be life-threatening. In order to avoid these complications in the future, a new nanoparticle-based tissue glue has been developed by researchers at Empa.
Категории: Nano planet

A dash of gold improves microlasers

6 октября, 2017 - 21:22
By attaching gold nanoparticles to the surface of a microlaser, researchers demonstrated a frequency comb that takes up less space and requires 1000 times less power than current comb technology.
Категории: Nano planet

Energy against the current on a quantum scale, without contradicting the laws of physics

6 октября, 2017 - 18:23
In a classical thermodynamic system, the heat current flows from the hotter body to the colder one, or electricity from the higher voltage to the lower one. The same thing happens in quantum systems, but this state can be changed, and the flow of energy and particles can be reversed if a quantum observer is inserted into the system.
Категории: Nano planet

Paper-based supercapacitor uses metal nanoparticles to boost energy density

5 октября, 2017 - 19:10
Using a simple layer-by-layer coating technique, researchers have developed a paper-based flexible supercapacitor that could be used to help power wearable devices. The device uses metallic nanoparticles to coat cellulose fibers in the paper, creating supercapacitor electrodes with high energy and power densities -- and the best performance so far in a textile-based supercapacitor.
Категории: Nano planet

New nanoplatelets improve the brightness of LEDs, lasers and LCD screens, researchers show

5 октября, 2017 - 17:35
New semiconductor nanoplatelets synthesized in laboratories can improve the brightness of LEDs, lasers and LCD screens of computers or televisions because they allow to minimize energy losses compared to current semiconductor materials.
Категории: Nano planet

Light-activated nanoparticles can supercharge current antibiotics

4 октября, 2017 - 21:26
Light-activated nanoparticles, also known as quantum dots, can provide a crucial boost in effectiveness for antibiotic treatments used to combat drug-resistant superbugs such as E. coli and Salmonella, new research shows.
Категории: Nano planet

Nanoscale islands dot light-driven catalyst

4 октября, 2017 - 19:22
Scientists have combined aluminum nanoparticles and smaller metal particles to create a versatile nanostructure that could lead to new applications for plasmonics. The technique allows for customizable surface chemistry and reactivity in one material.
Категории: Nano planet

Fast-moving magnetic particles could enable new form of data storage

2 октября, 2017 - 21:50
Researchers have shown that virtual particles known as skyrmions, discovered just a few years ago, hold promise as a new way of storing data -- one that could overcome fundamental limits that might otherwise be signaling the end of 'Moore's Law.'
Категории: Nano planet

New 'building material' points toward quantum computers

2 октября, 2017 - 18:27
It is possible to produce 'Majorana particles' in a new 'building material,' new research indicates. The study paves the road for new types of experiments -- and at the same time represents an important contribution to the construction of the information circuits of tomorrow.
Категории: Nano planet